Publications

2022

  1. ILO Working paper 80

    Realizing the opportunities of the platform economy through freedom of association and collective bargaining

    30 September 2022

    This study provides empirical evidence from different regions of the world to identify avenues for platform economy workers to access freedom of association and collective bargaining.

  2. Report

    Gender Pay Gap in Portugal

    14 June 2022

  3. ILO Working paper 62

    Protection of workers’ personal data: General principles

    05 May 2022

    This working paper gives an overview of legal standards related to personal data protection. It explores trends, principles and good practices and brings them in relation to the world of work.

  4. Publication

    Collective bargaining outcomes on gender equality in France

    28 February 2022

2021

  1. Book

    The new world of work: Challenges and opportunities for social partners and labour institutions

    31 December 2021

    This book examines social dialogue and the role of social partners in the governance of the world of work in 34 European countries.

  2. ILO Working paper 27

    Platform work and the employment relationship

    31 March 2021

    This working paper analyses national and supranational case law and legislation about the employment status of platform workers. It does so by referring to the ILO Employment Relationship Recommendation, 2006 (No. 198). It finds that this Recommendation provides for a valuable compass to navigate the issues that emerge from the analysis of the existing case law and legislation about platform work.

  3. ILO Working paper 25

    Homeworking in the Philippines: Bad job ? Good job ?

    09 March 2021

    This report focuses on two categories of homeworkers in the Philippines: industrial homeworkers, who assemble or fabricate goods for factories, retailers or their agents under subcontracting arrangements; and online workers, who render services to their clients or employers via telecommunications technologies and digital platforms.

  4. ILO Working paper 24

    Online digital labour platforms in China: Working conditions, policy issues and prospects

    02 February 2021

    This paper summarizes the results of an ILO survey, conducted in 2019, of workers’ characteristics and working conditions on three major digital labour platforms in China.

  5. ILO Working paper 22

    Home-based work and homework in Ghana: An exploration

    22 January 2021

    This research report explores the nature and character of home-based work and the more narrow concept of homework in Ghana.

  6. Publication

    Working from home: From invisibility to decent work

    13 January 2021

    With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, many in the world’s workforce have shifted to homeworking, thereby joining the hundreds of millions of workers who have already been working from home for decades.

2020

  1. ILO Working paper 21

    Home bounded - Global outreach: Home-based workers in Turkey

    18 December 2020

    This report focuses on industrial home-based pieceworkers and IT-enabled remote workers, who are commonly referred to in Turkey as “freelancers”.

  2. ILO Working Paper 4

    The regulation of collective dismissals: Economic rationale and legal practice

    19 May 2020

    This paper offers a legal and an economic analysis of collective dismissals procedures.

  3. Guidelines

    Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on enterprises and workers in the informal economy in developing and emerging countries

    30 April 2020

    Identifying the needs and priorities of the groups in the informal economy that are the most vulnerable to the COVID-19 crisis is essential to develop adequate policy responses. These guidelines provide a step by step approach to get this knowledge quickly by using methods of collecting information remotely, without interpersonal contact.

  4. Transition to formality

    Transition to Formality and Structural Transformation: Challenges and Policy options

    17 March 2020

    The book examines “new forms of informality” in developed and developing countries, and how our policies can be improved to respond to new evolving realities.

  5. A compendium of practice

    Interactions between Workers’ Organizations and Workers in the Informal Economy: A Compendium of Practice

    30 January 2020

    A compilation of concrete examples, drawn from around the world, showing how trade unions have sought to reach out to workers in the informal economy to reduce the decent work deficits they face and support their transition to formality.

2019

  1. Publication

    Telework in the 21st century: An evolutionary perspective

    15 November 2019

    A new conceptual framework explaining the evolution of telework over four decades.

  2. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 106

    Regulatory options for conflicts of law and jurisdictional issues in the on-demand economy

    08 July 2019

    Provides a global framework for thinking about the on-demand business model and assorted conflicts of law and jurisdictional issues.

  3. Publication

    Guide to developing balanced working time arrangements

    28 May 2019

    A practical guide or “how to” manual on working time arrangements - also known as “work schedules”.

  4. Report

    Working conditions in a global perspective

    06 May 2019

    This report provides a comparative analysis of job quality covering approximately 1.2 billion of the world’s workers in the EU28, China, the Republic of Korea, Turkey, the United States (US), Spanish-speaking Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), Argentina, Chile and Uruguay.

  5. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 104

    Overtime work: A review of literature and initial empirical analysis

    18 January 2019

    An inter-disciplinary overview on how overtime issues are addressed by different academic disciplines. Examines the incidence of overtime work within the context of several distinct national employment regimes and industrial relations systems.