Publications on digital labour platforms


  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 106

    Regulatory options for conflicts of law and jurisdictional issues in the on-demand economy

    08 July 2019

    Provides a global framework for thinking about the on-demand business model and assorted conflicts of law and jurisdictional issues.

  2. Publication

    Skills shortages and labour migration in the field of information and communication technology in India, Indonesia and Thailand

    11 June 2019

  3. Report

    Working conditions in a global perspective

    06 May 2019

    This report provides a comparative analysis of job quality covering approximately 1.2 billion of the world’s workers in the EU28, China, the Republic of Korea, Turkey, the United States (US), Spanish-speaking Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), Argentina, Chile and Uruguay.

  4. Publication

    Policy responses to new forms of work: International governance of digital labour platforms

    22 April 2019

    Background paper prepared for the 2nd meeting of the G20 Employment Working Group under the Japanese G20 presidency (Tokyo, 22-24 April 2019)


  1. Publication

    Decent Work in the Platform Economy

    03 November 2018

    Technical Paper submitted to the G7 Employment Working Group (11 March 2018)

  2. Report

    Digital labour platforms and the future of work: Towards decent work in the online world

    20 September 2018

    The report offers one of the first comparative studies of working conditions at five of the major, global, online micro-task platforms.

  3. Publication

    Work on Digital Labour Platforms in Ukraine: Issues and Policy Perspectives

    27 July 2018

    The surveys focused specifically on working conditions of online platform workers in Ukraine, and show that digital labour platforms have transformed the modes of work and changed how work is viewed by both businesses and workers.

  4. ILO Research Paper Series

    The architecture of digital labour platforms: Policy recommendations on platform design for worker well-being

    15 May 2018

  5. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 94

    Organizing On-Demand: Representation, Voice, and Collective Bargaining in the Gig Economy

    29 March 2018

  6. Publication

    Decent Work in the Platform Economy

    11 March 2018

    This technical note provides a brief overview of recent developments in the platform economy in terms of employment, the nature of work and job quality and then outlines major policy issues. The review draws on the existing empirical literature and the ILO’s recent research findings.