Collective bargaining and labour relations

Collective bargaining is a fundamental right. It is rooted in the ILO Constitution and reaffirmed as such in the 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Collective bargaining is a key means through which employers and their organizations and trade unions can establish fair wages and working conditions. It also provides the basis for sound labour relations. Typical issues on the bargaining agenda include wages, working time, training, occupational health and safety and equal treatment. The objective of these negotiations is to arrive at a collective agreement that regulates terms and conditions of employment. Collective agreements may also address the rights and responsibilities of the parties thus ensuring harmonious and productive industries and workplaces. Enhancing the inclusiveness of collective bargaining and collective agreements is a key means for reducing inequality and extending labour protection.

Multimedia

  1. International Labour Conference

    Thematic Forum on "Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining: a foundation of decent work".

  2. Blogs

  3. Infostory

    Can collective bargaining create a fairer economy? Discover the impact of collective bargaining on the economy, businesses and working lives.

Highlights

  1. A compendium of practice

    Interactions between Workers' Organisations and Workers in the Informal Economy

    A compilation of concrete examples, drawn from around the world, showing how trade unions have sought to reach out to workers in the informal economy to reduce the decent work deficits they face and support their transition to formality.

  2. Guidebook

    How and why to collect and use data on industrial relations

    A support to ILO’s tripartite constituents in the collection of data on industrial relations, including on trade union membership, on the coverage of collective bargaining agreements and on strikes and lockouts.